The equipment that essentially needs to be worn while performing a certain activity to ensure the safety of oneself and others around is known as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
Purpose of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Wearing necessary Personal Protective Equipment (or PPE in short) is one of the most and basic safety practice applicable to all work methods in any project. This Standard Operating Procedure is to provide a favorable environment to protect each and every person against the health and safety risks at work.
Safety helmets for head protection shall be used by all personnel at work area at all times. The safety helmets shall be of ISI approved only. It shall be the organization’s policy to follow ‘no helmet, no work’ rule. Applicable Indian Standard for safety helmet is IS 2925:1984 and only the approved makes shall be used. The safety helmets will appear in most of the method statements’ personal protective equipment (PPE) section.
Protective footwear or safety shoes are nearly as crucial as protective headgear. Safety shoes prevent any potential hazards against sharp objects, live electric wires, slippery surfaces etc. Must be used by all persons at work at all times. Applicable Indian Standard for protective footwear is IS 6519:1971 and IS 5852:2004 [Steel toe safety shoes]. Only the approved makes of safety shoes shall be used.
Safety goggles protect the eyes from particulates, dust, chemicals, water etc. Must be used in areas where dust is present in the work area; generation of dust occurs like in cutting & grinding works, carpentry etc.; the possibility of smoke or chemical fumes (example: Shotcrete or Gunite work). Applicable Indian Standard for protective eyewear is IS 5983:1980 and only the approved makes shall be used.
Reflective waists make the persons at work more visible from a distance. Helps in improving the visibility of a person’s presence at work. Must be used by all persons at work at all times (example: topographic survey for a road). Applicable Indian Standard for the reflective vest is IS 15809:2008 and only the approved makes shall be used.
Persons that need to handle objects that can be hazardous if not handled carefully must wear protective gloves. As a good practice, any person required to touch a material that forms part of a permanent structure must do so by wearing protective gloves. Applicable Indian Standard for protective gloves is IS 4770:1991 and only the approved makes shall be used.
Fall protection arrangements must be provided for working at elevations of 6 feet and above. Persons working at 6 feet and above height must wear a safety harness (Example: Scaffolding work). Securely attach the harness to an anchor point. Applicable Indian Standard for safety harness is IS 3521:1999 and only the approved makes shall be used.
All persons with possibility of exposure to noise levels in excess of 85 decibels (A) 8-hour Leg must wear hearing protection equipment like earmuffs or earplugs. Workers involved in the usage of heavy equipment like Diaphragm wall construction or drilling require hearing protection. Avoiding such measures may cause hearing complications in short term or long term. Applicable Indian Standard for protective gloves is IS 9167:1979 and only the approved makes shall be used.
Based on the requirement as per risk assessment, anyone working in areas that are dusty, consist of harmful gases, or are in a low or high air pressure area that is not abundant in oxygen shall be provided with suitable respiratory equipment to allow normal respiration of the person. Applicable Indian Standard for protective gloves is IS 9623:1980 and only the approved makes shall be used.
Life Buoyancy Aids
Each person must be wearing life jackets that are securely tied whenever they are working or traveling over water. Applicable Indian Standard for protective gloves is IS 6685:2009 and only the approved makes shall be used.
Safety Manager/Officer shall provide appropriate training to all persons in the proper usage of PPE.
Materials manager shall ensure sufficient Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) stock is available at all times.